At the end of July 2020, the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline Project (TAP) was 97 percent complete, according to the TAP Consortium report. Another milestone towards the start of Shah Deniz-2 gas deliveries to Europe, which is scheduled to start commercial gas flows in October 2020.
The 878-kilometer pipeline will connect to the Trans-Anatolian Pipeline (TANAP) at the Turkish-Greek border in Kibuy, crossing northern Greece, Albania, and the Adriatic Sea, and arriving ashore in southern Italy, where it will be connected to a working Italian gas transportation network.
Anticipating future needs, TAP developers have made flexibility in designing the pipeline to accommodate future gas volumes, equivalent to the line’s initial capacity of 10 billion cubic meters of gas annually, contributing to the consumption of around seven million households in southern Europe.
In the future, two additional pressure stations could be added to double the carrying capacity to more than 20 billion cubic meters.
The pipeline will also have a so-called “physical backflow” feature, allowing gas to be diverted from Italy to southeastern Europe if power supplies are disrupted or more pipeline capacity is needed to bring additional gas to the region.
Interconnection with other pipelines along its path, TAP can facilitate connections to a number of existing and proposed pipelines, ensuring the opening of the Southern Gas Corridor to many different energy markets, and this will also enable the delivery of Caspian Sea gas to destinations in Southeast, Central, and Western Europe.
TAP is the European section of the Southern Gas Corridor, which enhances energy security in Europe and contributes to decarbonization and diversification of gas supplies.